IN THE MID-1980S AN OFFICIAL transmigration program brought many immigrants to Jambi, mostly from the island of Java. Transmigrant families were given a plot of land to plant oil palm, while the indigenous communities were not always afforded the same treatment.
RUDI SYAF→ Then a second generation of young families emerged, and they also needed land. There was no allocation of converted forest areas for the native communities, and ultimately the conflict is not just with the indigenous people but also with the migrant communities.
PAWITO SARING→ OK, so we are all transmigrants, everyone. We the villagers here have a Certificate of Ownership, to prove that it belongs to the farmers. Each farmer has two hectares and another land certificate for housing or gardening. As long as we receive our salary we don't have any conflicts here between areas, owners, companies or farmers.
JAMBI CITY IS A THRIVING COMMUNITY POPULATED WITH TRANSMIGRANTS
FROM OTHER INDONESIAN PROVINCES.
As a young man H. ARNEDI, presently a contract farmer, was asked to choose between two options, transmigration or work at the Indo Sawit company. He says: I chose transmigration. My mom, all the adults were angry, what did you go to school for? Going to school is supposed to get you a job. Most transmigrants didn't go to school, I challenged my parents back then. I became a transmigrant and succeeded, I proved myself.